Monday, 17 September 2012

▪   0845   p0    Devotions (Psalm 27) Diaries, Roll- Tony

▪   0855   p1    Word Study/ Spelling– Tony – Spelling test of our Camp words.  Students need to use the program, quizlet and to complete the test section as well.

The students are encouraged to aske for help and advice to improve their marks.  They are also encouraged to point out areas where instructions weren’t clear, or activities could be improved.

Literature.  The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe.  Students are to complete the comprehension questions for chapter 10 to 13.

▪   0940   p2      Performance with Year 6- Cinderella

▪   1025   p3      Performance with Year 6- Cinderella

▪   1110           RECESS

▪   1130   p4    Science Lesson – Tony

Learning Intentions for students. Students are to learn about the concepts of habitat and food chain, using the trees as an example.

b.  The students are to learn what a ‘habitat’ is.

c. The students are to learn that the term, ‘biome’, is a complex habitat.

d. The students are to understand that all creatures need food, water and shelter, and methods to protect themselves from predators, or to prey, as well as methods to eat and drink.

e.  The students are to learn that a tree may be an effective way to create a habitat for many creatures, and they are to explore a simple scenario: sunlight, water, tree, birds, animals, scat, insects and other mini-beats, and other forms of microscopic life. (in a follow up lesson we can look at speculative ideas, such as weather exotic plants help or impede the development of biomes; however, some students may bring this as aspect up in this lesson.

Learning Indicators

  1. The students should be able to define what a habitat or biome is.  It is not important at this level to distinguish too technically between these terms.
  2. The students should be able to state that all creatures need sustenance- water, food, shelter and survival strategies. (camouflage, bluff, warning colours, toxins, methods of fetc)

Classroom Activities to help Students Learn

Before the class begins I will draw a picture of a gum tree with a ‘kookaburra’ sitting on a branch.  I will ask the students the students if they can tell me what a habitat is.  If no one can tell me, I will give a hint: habit comes from the Latin language and it means, ‘a home that sustains life’.

I will ask the following questions:

What do all living things need to stay alive and to thrive?

(Water, food, shelter, and defence – or predatory- mechanisms.)

Each answer could potentially lead to a whole range of other ideas, such as how do various creatures or organisms obtain their water or food- are they herbivores, carnivores, omnivores or some other type of category.  For example, ‘cause and effect’ of every food source ultimately going back to the sun’s energy (maybe somebody will refer to this, as it was covered in a previous lesson); the idea that many larger creatures need some sort of shelter.  Many creatures need some sort of protection- students might suggest the following: running away, bluffing, toxins, warning colours, camouflage, flight, fight (teeth or tusks, claws, weight, size, stings, bites, spurs, spikes, burrowing, shells etc)

A possible scenario for a ‘food web’.  I will refer the children to the diagram.  I will take some licence with the exact scientific exactness of this story, but will take them through the story of the Kookaburra in the Old Gum Tree.  (I hope it’s not copyrighted).  The kookaburra’s scat falls to the ground, along with the leaves and the scat from the possums, koala, magpies, and the kangaroos, which take shelter from the midday sun.  This scat attracts flies and other insects which lay their pupae (maggots).  Worms and wombats aerate the soil (explain).  Birds and predatory insects come and feast on the insects.  Ants are attracted to the gum resin and they also have interaction with other creatures, such as aphids.  The ants are good foragers and clean up decaying creatures.  Maggots are excellent decomposers, again helping to recycle natures decaying rubbish and turn it into useful soil.  Worms and other minibeasts are also important for giving nutrients to the soil.  Flying insects, such as bees, wasps and butterflies, as well as small birds, some marsupials and microbats and ants are effective at pollinating the flowers.

The more complex the animal life of the habitat becomes, the more potential for other creatures to want to make a home in the habitat becomes.  However, is this always a good thing?

Some possible responses could be:

Yes, more is always good.

No, overcrowding can exhaust the capacity of the main life form (tree) to cope with the inhabitants.

A new creature could have the potential to wipe out the other creatures, for a whole range of reasons: disease, aggressiveness, insatiable appetite, toxicity (explain), a habitat destroyer (termites), canopy smothering, exotic foliage poisoning (in Australia- pine needles), in the USA (eucalyptus leaves)

Feedback to Students

The students are to give a written response to these two prompts:

a)   Explain what a habitat is.

b)   Write a paragraph describing the story of the ‘Kookaburra in the Old Gumtree’.  You may use everything that you have heard and remembered to complete your story.  (key words will be on the white board)

Feedback from Students

If time allows the students can draw a picture of the Kookaburra who lives in the old gumtree.

▪   1215   p5    Maths – Daryl-

▪   1340   p6    Bible Studies – Daryl

▪   1425   p7    Writing – Daryl

▪   1510           Homeroom, roll, Daryl

▪   1520           dismissal – Daryl

Term Three

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